Instituto Henriqueta Teixeira

Instituto Henriqueta Teixeira



The biomechanics of running

Tom F. Novacheck

Motion Analysis Laboratory, Gillette Children’s Specialty Healthcare, Uni6ersity of Minnesota, 200 E. Uni6ersity A6e., St. Paul,MN 55101, USA

Received 25 August 1997; accepted 22 September 1997


This review article summarizes the current literature regarding the analysis of running gait. It is compared to walking and sprinting. The current state of knowledge is presented as it fits in the context of the history of analysis of movement. The characteristics of the gait cycle and its relationship to potential and kinetic energy interactions are reviewed. The timing of electromyographic activity is provided. Kinematic and kinetic data (including center of pressure measurements, raw force plate data, joint moments, and joint powers) and the impact of changes in velocity on these findings is presented. The status of shoewear literature, alterations in movement strategies, the role of biarticular muscles, and the springlike function of tendons are addressed. This type of information can provide insight into injury mechanisms and training strategies. © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

Keywords: Running; Biomechanics; Kinematics; Kinetics; Electromyography; Energy; Injury

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